Also called personal pronouns
, Portuguese subject pronouns
tell you who is doing the action of a sentence.
They are especially important in Portuguese because the conjugation
changes depending on the subject.
In English, subject pronouns are words such as "you", "we" and "it".
Portuguese, however, is slightly more complicated because of its use of formality
and the wide regional differences
. For example tu
is the informal word for "you", but is used primarily in Portugal. In Brazil, você
is used much more frequently as the informal "you", despite it being the formal "you" in Portugal.
To address someone formally in Brazil, o senhor
(masculine) or a senhora
(feminine) are used. In Portugal these would seem overly formal as they translate as "sir" or "madam".
Because in Brazil both the formal and informal second-person pronouns take the traditionally third-person verb conjugation, you'll find that they drop subject pronouns much less frequently
than in Portugal or as in Spanish.
Simplifying it somewhat though, Portuguese has no subject pronoun for "it", which is generally implied in the sentence.