Subject Pronouns

Pronomes Sujectivos

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Also called personal pronouns, Portuguese subject pronouns tell you who is doing the action of a sentence.

They are especially important in Portuguese because the conjugation of verbs changes depending on the subject.

In English, subject pronouns are words such as "you", "we" and "it".

Portuguese, however, is slightly more complicated because of its use of formality and the wide regional differences. For example tu is the informal word for "you", but is used primarily in Portugal. In Brazil, você is used much more frequently as the informal "you", despite it being the formal "you" in Portugal.

To address someone formally in Brazil, o senhor (masculine) or a senhora (feminine) are used. In Portugal these would seem overly formal as they translate as "sir" or "madam".

Because in Brazil both the formal and informal second-person pronouns take the traditionally third-person verb conjugation, you'll find that they drop subject pronouns much less frequently than in Portugal or as in Spanish.

Simplifying it somewhat though, Portuguese has no subject pronoun for "it", which is generally implied in the sentence.
Play eu
Play tu
you informal in Portugal
Play você
you formal in Portugal you informal in Brazil
Play ela
Play ele
Play o senhor
you masculine, formal
Play a senhora
you feminine, formal in Brazil
Play nós
Play vocês
you all
Play eles
they masculine
Play elas
they feminine
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Additional Reading

CasesPersonal PronounsPronouns